Seascapes and coastal areas form an integrated and essential part of the Earth’s ecosystem. Our weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe are all ultimately provided for and regulated by the sea.
But our marine resources are increasingly threatened, degraded or destroyed by human activities. These activities include climate change, marine pollution, unsustainable extraction of marine resources and physical alterations and destruction of marine and coastal habitats and landscapes.
We need to carefully manage this global resource to secure our sustainable future. That means reversing trends in marine and coastal ecosystem decline while improving human well-being. It means ending marine pollution and overfishing. It also means help coastal populations adapt to climate change by helping ecosystems to be more resilient to warming, sea-level rise, and changes in ocean acidity.