It is now widely accepted that if we want to save our planet for future generations, we must transform the economic system, addressing the environment and climate change crisis while creating jobs and economic opportunities.
A greener and fair model that promotes people over short-term economic gains could be a win-win. But it is a huge undertaking. The EU has begun its transformation through its Green Deal, for example through action on the circular economy which entails moving away from a 'take-make-dispose' culture, for instance by recycling and re-using products for longer. It is estimated that the circular economy transition could create 700,000 jobs in the EU by 2030.
Studies show that the circular economy also present opportunities for developing countries, while sustainable practices in industries with great potential for employment and innovation and which are key to the world’s poor, such as agriculture, forestry, fishery, tourism, and water management, are also key.
How can we develop an economic system that meets our needs without exhausting natural resources, generating pollution and contributing to climate change? In a world of rapid population growth, how we decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, as envisioned in the 2030 Agenda of Sustainable Development? Furthermore, what role civil society can play in this agenda?