GENDER RESPONSIVE BUDGETING
Public budgets and gender
The notion of gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) refers to policies and to particular Public Financial Management techniques for promoting gender equality. GRB implicitly acknowledges that there is no gender-neutral government budget: reducing the budget allocation for water and sanitation will affect women (who traditionally collect water for the household) more than men; reducing tax credits for healthcare will place the burden on women who tend to stay home and take care of children. Although this is a general problem government policies, implemented through a budget, should aim at eliminating all sorts of harmful disparities.
The adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals paved the way for a wider use of 'Gender Responsive Budgeting', i.e. public finance management, fiscal policy and administration to promote gender equality in partner countries.
Gender budgeting already exists in a large number of countries but at various degrees of intensity and scope and all government agencies can potentially play a role in the implementation of gender oriented policies through the implementation of their budget.