Migration is one of the defining features of the 21st century contributing significantly to all aspects of economic and social development, and as such will be key to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Safe, orderly and regular migration, allow women to develop their skills, flourish as entrepreneurs, and contribute to economic growth. The 2030 Agenda explicitly recognizes the economic value of migrants; but women and girls, representing 48 per cent of all international migrants, are still exposed to gender specific vulnerabilities. This High Level Panel, moderated by the Swiss Agency for development and cooperation, will discuss how the EU and its partners can empower women and girls to improve their socioeconomic status.
- The human and civil rights of migrants must be guaranteed in all circumstances.
- Women represent half of all migrants.
- Women send home half of all remittances, even though they generally earn less than men. Ending the gender wage gap would likely boost remittances.
- Many migrant women help fulfil growing demand in healthcare and domestic services. This helps free European women from these chores so they can pursue professional careers.
- The entire value chain of human trafficking must be criminalised.
- Poor governance is a leading “push factor” for people who end up in refugee camps or seek greener pastures elsewhere.
Europe and the world should take a positive view of migration. As goods and services move across borders, it makes sense that people will do the same. Destination countries must respect the human and civil rights of migrants in all circumstances. For women, this would include access to reproductive services.
The feminisation of migration has been a hot topic for many years. Women now make up half of all migrants. They often work in healthcare and domestic services. Both fields are experiencing growing demand in Europe and other parts of the world. When migrants take over such chores, it takes the burden off European women who can more easily pursue professional careers.
Healthcare and domestic work tend to rank on the low end of the pay scale. Domestic work is particularly hard to regulate; often it is informal. Since it is diffuse and takes place in family homes, it is hard for labour inspectors to track. Meanwhile, only 39 countries have ratified Convention 189 of the International La
Better data collection and analysis is needed. Results should be disaggregated to help better understand the specific realities of particular groups, including women.