E-waste, which refers to waste from electrical and electronic equipment – basically anything that works with a battery or a power cable – is one of the fastest growing and most complex waste streams in the world and which can affect both human health and the environment when disposed of irresponsibly. Computers, phones, solar panels, fridges and other equipment help improve our standard of living. However, the way in which we produce, consume, and dispose of electronics is unsustainable. Research and data on e-waste are produced and used to assess and address the e-waste challenge and to identify policies to ensure that countries move towards a circular economy for this equipment. In this process new technologies can be used to monitor and track e-waste flows and the materials contained within. With better data and through the support of modern technology, actors across the electronics value chain are able to report on recycling, recovery and depollution activities.