The Gran Chaco is the second largest forest region in Latin America. The permanent presence of water and the large areas of continuous forest make the Pilcomayo river basin one of the main ecological corridors of the region. The project covers approximately 5,000,000 ha and is divided into 5 subnational governments: Salta and Formosa in Argentina, Tarija in Bolivia, and Boquerón and Presidente Hayes in Paraguay. As a large part of the local population lives in poverty, the dependency on natural resources and the ecosystem services is high. Assuring the local ecosystem conservation is key in securing future development opportunities.