At approximately 12%, Liberia has one of the lowest electricity access rates in the world, which has a profound impact on both rural and urban populations. The residents who do have access to energy currently have the most expensive energy of any country in Africa. As a result, they spend a high percentage of their income on accessing power. The majority of households therefore rely on charcoal and firewood for cooking, using either an inefficient cook stove or open fire. These inefficient sources of energy drive deforestation and contribute to climate change.