The crisis in Syria resulted in a complex political, security, and social crisis directly affecting Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt. These countries cannot cope with this enormous challenge in the medium to long term without substantial support from the international community. Syrian refugees face challenges when it comes to protection, access to public services, education and the labour market. At the same time IDPs and vulnerable host communities also need support to overcome inequalities. Technical and vocational training as well as school education and opportunities for dialogue and exchange are therefore central elements for refugees’ participation in host communities and for their reintegration in a post conflict environment.