Drought is the single most damaging natural hazard in Kenya. It destroys lives and livelihoods and undermines national development. Arid and semi-arid parts of the country are home to about 36% of the population and have a low human development index, exacerbating regional inequalities.
Based on evidence that early action protects lives and livelihoods and reduces the high cost of emergency response, Kenya has established a National Drought Emergency Fund. This was preceded by successful piloting and testing of use of pre-positioned funds provided by the European Union.