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26-27 November 2013Brussels - Tour & Taxis

Productive work for youth

Quotes

Artak Chopuryan

CEO and Co-founder, Instigate Mobile CJSC

Years of participation : 2013

Related sessions

‘The hardest challenge in startups is building up core teams. We look for young and motivated people and support them using peer programmes and develop their communication skills.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


Lamine Dhaoui

Director, Business, Investment and Technology, UNIDO

Years of participation : 2013

Related sessions

‘Creating sustainable growth requires the close cooperation of governments, international corporations and local communities, as well as youth themselves.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


‘The development of micro-enterprises and SMEs is a proven mechanism to facilitate economic development. This entrepreneurialism requires support and investment.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


Ralf Dürrwang

Vice President, Corporate Citizenship, Deutsche Post DHL

Years of participation : 2013

Related sessions

‘Youth face specific entry barriers: a lack of access to quality education but moreover a lack of awareness about career options. They do not know how to get a job and have no knowledge of what employers want. There is also a lot of low self-confidence, especially among marginalised youth.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


Salimane Issifou

National Director for Benin, SOS Children's Villages International

Years of participation : 2013

Related sessions

‘Governments should implement youth business funds focussed on exposing young people to the business world. In Africa, we should focus these funds on areas where we have competitive advantage, like agriculture and tourism.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


Thiago Millnitz

Brazilian Ambassador and Global Affairs Manager, Brazilian Confederation of Junior Enterprises - Brasil Júnior

Years of participation : 2013

Related sessions

‘Entrepreneurs need more support from their environment. They need to be able to fail, as failure is a normal step in the process towards success.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


Lloyd Russell-Moyle

Vice President, European Youth Forum

Years of participation : 2013

Related sessions

‘The post-2015 framework needs to tackle the issue of under-employment. We also need to create a safety net for young people to make mistakes – without this, young people cannot take on risks such as starting a business.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


Victor Soto

Vice President, European Confederation of Junior Enterprises - JADE

Years of participation : 2013

Related sessions

‘Challenges for young people wanting to start a business include access to finance and credit. They also suffer from a very high fear of failure.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


‘We want to build an entire entrepreneurial culture – not just creating businesses, but changing the mindset of a generation.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


Katharina Steinkellner

Head of International Corporate Partnerships, SOS Children’s Villages International

Years of participation : 2013

Related sessions

‘Young people need so much more than a diploma to land a decent job nowadays: you need self-confidence, social skills, experience and a network of contacts.’

2013


Session: Productive work for youth


Pages

News & Views

  • Article

    Key to sustaining momentum: Youth in the 2013 human development report

    Almost annually since 1990, the release of the Human Development Report (HDR) by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has drawn the world’s attention to the trends, progress, and priorities of development “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” The recently released 2013 HDR... more

  • Article

    UNCTAD report underscores gap between economic growth and employment

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  • Blog

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Speakers

Helene Bougarde

Head of Unit, Quality of Operations for Social and human development and migration, Directorate-General for Cooperation and Development - EuropeAid

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Dr Salah Boumaiza

Vice President, Jendouba University, Tunisia - Moderator

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Artak Chopuryan

CEO and Co-founder, Instigate Mobile CJSC

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Lamine Dhaoui

Director, Business, Investment and Technology, UNIDO

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Ralf Dürrwang

Vice President, Corporate Citizenship, Deutsche Post DHL

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Salimane Issifou

National Director for Benin, SOS Children's Villages International

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Ramzi Jelali

Executive Manager of Omega Tunisia Company

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Françoise Milicamps

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Thiago Millnitz

Brazilian Ambassador and Global Affairs Manager, Brazilian Confederation of Junior Enterprises - Brasil Júnior

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Lloyd Russell-Moyle

Vice President, European Youth Forum

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Victor Soto

Vice President, European Confederation of Junior Enterprises - JADE

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Katharina Steinkellner

Head of International Corporate Partnerships, SOS Children’s Villages International

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Jeannette Weisschuh

Director of Education Initiatives, HP Sustainability and Social Innovation

Year(s) of participation:
2013

Videos

Employment & decent work

Worldwide, some 200 million people are out of a job, among them 75 million young people. Furthermore, some 621 million young people are not in school or training, not employed and not looking for work, risking a permanent exclusion from the labour market. In a developing country context, however, the labour market is complex and ‘employment’ is difficult to define, since people often generate income from several different sources and activities, and wage employment is not the norm.

Labour markets in developing countries are highly segmented and very often – considering that social protection schemes are not generalised – people are obliged to generate income in any form possible, often working in vulnerable jobs and/or in the informal economy. For this reason, rather than unemployment, what matters for most people in developing countries is the quality of the job, including working hours, conditions, social protection provision, income, stability and voice:

  • Worldwide, about three billion people are working, with around half in some kind of vulnerable employment, such as casual self-employment or as family workers on farms or in household enterprises.
  • Almost 20 % of all workers in developing countries live in poor households (with an income below USD 1.25 per person). More than one-third of workers in Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa are poor.
  • Informal employment is a structural feature of the economies in development countries, characterised by informal working arrangements, lack of adequate social protection (only about 20 % of the world's working-age population has access to comprehensive social protection). Young people and women are overrepresented in informal employment.

Employment and decent work for all, including young people, are key elements to reducing poverty, a fact reflected in their inclusion as a Millennium Development Goal target. Given that people most often move out of poverty due to an improved job situation, the strengthening of employment policies, efficient technical education and vocational training and improved social protection systems remain top EU development priorities.

Since the 2005 ‘European Consensus on Development’, which indicated employment as a key factor to achieve high levels of social cohesion, the EU adopted a number of key policies towards stronger and more coherent commitments to address employment and decent work for all.

In its 2011 Communication ‘An Agenda for Change’, the EU committed itself to inclusive growth and people’s ability to participate in and benefit from wealth and job creation. It stressed that it was critical for societies to offer a future to young people, resolving to increase support for vulnerable population groups to emerge from poverty. This included improving employability through quality education, providing the knowledge and skills necessary to become active members of society.

In its February 2013 Communication ‘A Decent Life for All’, the EU resolved to pursue its Rio+20 commitments on youth through Europe2020, its overarching strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. It noted that the world is still far from reaching the target of full and productive employment and decent work for all and called for post-2015 framework goals to deliver on this aim.

Youth

Auditorium B Wednesday 27 November 2013 - 11:30 AM - 13:00 PM

Inclusive solutions for youth employment

Youth represent 17 % of the world’s population and over 40 % of its unemployed, leaving millions economically and socially excluded, which exerts a high cost on society. At the same time, many young people work in informal jobs with a low quality of employment: low earnings, high levels of insecurity, limited chances for advancement, and a lack of social protection. Creating 90 % of the world’s jobs, the private sector is a driving force for poverty reduction. However, young jobseekers, especially marginalised young people, such as care leavers, often do not match the skills required by the private sector and...

Inclusive solutions for youth employment

Youth represent 17 % of the world’s population and over 40 % of its unemployed, leaving millions economically and socially excluded, which exerts a high cost on society. At the same time, many young people work in informal jobs with a low quality of employment: low earnings, high levels of insecurity, limited chances for advancement, and a lack of social protection. Creating 90 % of the world’s jobs, the private sector is a driving force for poverty reduction. However, young jobseekers, especially marginalised young people, such as care leavers, often do not match the skills required by the private sector and young aspiring entrepreneurs face obstacles in starting or expanding their productive activities.

Interventions to enhance productive work for youth needs to focus on improving the education and employability opportunities for all young people, in close cooperation with the private sector. A cross-sectorial approach, between private sector enterprise and CSOs, to address the education and employment needs of care leavers, and other disadvantaged young people, plays a critical part in ending intergenerational poverty and social exclusion, while ensuring good transitions to adulthood. Furthermore, it is crucial to support the creation and growth of (youth-led) MSMEs, especially in employment-intensive sectors, to increase the private sector’s capacity to absorb employees. In order to address the problems of informal employment and the rising numbers of working poor, the enhancement of job quality should be at the core of all interventions, promoting decent jobs.

In this session UNIDO and SOS–CVI are joining forces to discuss these pressing challenges and combine their vast expertise with key contributions from Deutsche Post DHL, the European Youth Forum and JADE, to identify and share innovative solutions.

More informations
  • Youth unemployment is particularly troublesome in the developing world, but has also hit the developed world.
  • When people do find jobs, they are often precarious and of poor quality.
  • With its myriad causes, the problem must be attacked on myriad fronts.
  • Entrepreneurs should receive support to start their own businesses and in turn to create employment opportunities.

 

Millions of young people run the risk of exclusion from the labour market and formal economic activity. Young people are three times more likely to be unemployed than older people. The developing world is hit hardest, but the economic crisis has exacerbated the problem in developed countries too. The economic crisis also dictates revisiting the assumption that the public sector can pick up the slack by hiring.

There are several barriers to entry for youths in the job market, including:

  • Lack of experience;
  • Lack of adequate skills;
  • Schooling that does not match the demands of the labour market;
  • Psychological problems – people do not want to look for work or lack sufficient emotional intelligence for the workplace;
  • Lack of self-confidence;
  • Lack of knowledge about how to look for a job or seek advice;
  • Lack of career options; and
  • Negative attitudes of potential employers.

Another concern is the quality of work. Some 300 million youths are mired in poorly paid dead-end positions with little or no job stability, few benefits, and no on-the-job training. Increasingly, people can only find part-time work, symbolised by the United Kingdom’s ‘zero hours contracts’ where employees work on call.

How can policymakers address this problem? Several recommendations emerged from the high-level panel:

  • Policy coherence – the European Union and Member States should try to ensure that their policies, including those for education and training, are all pulling in the same direction;
  • Build training programmes to give young people skills that better match the needs of businesses;
  • Encourage young entrepreneurs;
  • Focus on new technologies, a realm that offers some of the best opportunities for educated young people;
  • Civil society organisations should open their doors to young people so that they can become more involved in promoting democracy and social change;
  • Make youth employment and quality jobs priorities in formulating post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals;
  • Provide a safety net so that people can make and recover from mistakes – not just for entrepreneurs, but also for people who want retraining for different kinds of jobs;
  • Create programmes to deliver training, education and job search support; and
  • Encourage small and medium-sized enterprises, which are responsible for most new jobs.

The Austrian-based group SOS Children's Villages International works in 133 countries around the world to promote childcare, education and healthcare. It provides employment services for disadvantaged young people. By forging partnerships with private companies such as Deutsche Post DHL, it is able to place a large number of young people who otherwise might have few opportunities.

Individuals with an entrepreneurial bent should receive help to set up their own businesses or at least to become self-employed. The mindset should be to help start-ups become successful so that they can in turn create more jobs. In some societies, failure must be made more acceptable, to give entrepreneurs the motivation to get back up after being knocked down. Red tape and taxes should be reduced.

Successful models for entrepreneurial support include:

  • JADE, the European Confederation of Junior Enterprises, which helps students work as consultants.
  • HP Learning Initiative for Entrepreneurs (HP LIFE), which provides training and support for budding entrepreneurs in Tunisia, Brazil and elsewhere.

 

Best moments

 

Buzz videos

Interview of Victor SOTO

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